Herbert Alexandrovich Yefremov, an outstanding designer of missiles and spacecraft, was born on March 15, 1933 in village Maloye Zarechye, Belozersk area, Vologodsk region.
Hero of Socialist Labour (1963), winner of Lenin Prize (1982 ) and State Prizes of the USSR (1974), Prize of the Russian Federation government (2002), State Prize of the Russian Federation named Marshal G.K.Zhukov (2003), doctor (Ph.d) of technical sciences (1986), professor (1996).
He graduated from Leningrad Military Mechanical Institute in 1956 as a specialist in instrument- making and the same year joined the Experimental Designed Bureau No.52 (now JSK MIC NPO Mashinostroyenia), in 1964 he became the head of the design bureau, in 1971 deputy Designer General and Deputy Director of Central Design Bureau of Machine Building (CDBMB). In 1984 he was appointed the Designer General of the company. From 1989 to 2007 he occupied the post of Director General and Designer General of the company. From 2007 he is the honorary Director General and honorary Designer General of JSC «MIC «NPO Mashinostroyenia», Scientific Adviser of the Corporation.
In 1984, on becoming the leader of NPO Mashinostroyenia, H.A. Yefremov found new technical and organizational solutions, which in that geopolitical and economic circumstances allowed to create military equipment claimed by the time and to ensure steady progress of the company, as well as cooperation of subcontractors. In unfavorable for the whole country situation of 1990s he managed to maintained scientific and technical potential of the company, as well as its labor resources and property and led NPO Mashinostroyenia to the new advanced frontiers.
Under his leadership the company got engaged in military and technical cooperation with foreign countries. A new form of interaction with foreign partners was established for joint development of military equipment and its realization became an example of an efficient investment project involving the domestic defense and industrial complex into an active constructive process.
Awarded with: Order of Lenin (1963), Labor Red Banner (1971), Order of Honor (1959), Order of third degree “For services to Fatherland” (2003), several medals.
Awards of foreign countries: Padma Bhushan Medal, which is the highest award of the Indian Republic for foreigners (2003).
D-r Yefremov is a holder of more than 80 inventor's certificates, an author of multiple research works on special subjects; a small planet of solar system registered in the international catalogue under number 9718 was named “Herbefremov” in his honor.