Vladimir Nikolaevich Chelomey, Designer General of missiles and spacecraft, an outstanding scientist in the field of mechanics and control processes, was the founder and the leader of NPO Mashinostroyenia (1944-1984).
He was born on 30.06.1914 in Sedlets-town, Privislyansky area (now Seldtse-town in the territory of Poland ). He became twice Hero of Socialistic Labor (1959 and 1963), winner of Lenin Prize (1959), winner of three USSR State Prizes (1967, 1974, 1982). He also was a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1958), an academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1962), the head of faculty «Cruise missiles and spacecraft» in the State Technical University named after Bauman (1960-1984), a full member of International Academy of Astronautics (1974 ), a doctor of technical sciences (1951), a professor (1952).
Graduated from Kiev Aviation Institute in 1937 as mechanic engineer. Within 1937-1939 attended post graduation courses of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences; 1939-1940 worked as senior staff scientist in the Institute of Applied Mathematics under the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences and a lecturer on mechanics and aviation engines theory in Aviation Institute named after P.I. Baranov (Moscow); 1940-1941 – a senior staff scientist in the Central Institute of Aviation Materials (CIAM) named after P.I. Baranov; 1941-1944 – the head of division in CIAM named after P.I. Baranov; 1944-1953 – Chief Designer and Director of factory ¹51 under the Aviation Industry Ministry; from 1955 Chief Designer and then Designer General (1959) of the Experimental Design Bureau-52 which now is JSC «MIC «NPO Mashinostroyenia».
Chelomey's awards: Order of Lenin (1945, 1959, 1964, 1974, 1984), October Revolution (1971), medals of USSR . In 1964 - Medal of N.Y. Zhukovsky for the best work in the aviation theory, and in 1977 - the golden medal of A.M.Lyapunov, the highest prize of the USSR Academy of Sciences for brilliant works in mathematics and mechanics.
Chelomey is the author of 87 scientific works and inventions in the special field. Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in the 9-th and 10-th convocations.
Vladimir Nikolaevich Chelomey died on December 8, 1984 and was buried at the Novodevichie cemetery, Moscow . Streets and squares in Moscow and Reutov ( Moscow region) were named after him, as well as a small planet in the solar system registered in the international catalogue under number 8608 and named «Chelomey».In Russia , Kazakhstan and Ukraine there are monuments and memorial boards dedicated to academician V.N.Chelomey, a memorial office was opened in the territory of NPO Mashinostroyenia . Medal of academician V.N Chelomey was instituted to mark outstanding figures in science and engineering for their prominent contribution into development of missiles and space equipment. In 2000 the Union of Scientists and Engineers named after V.N.Chelomey was founded.